• Landscape Use: Use in areas where you have lots of room, this tree can dominate a small site. Best grown in beds with some understory plants. Mix in with other plants to make a more complex and interesting planting. In nature, they germinate and grow in the shade to become the climax community; imitate those conditions when planting. Special Conditions: All spruce will perform best if grass is not allowed to grow next to base. Keep spruce dry, they do not like wet feet. Always look up to make sure you are not planting under a power or phone line.
  • Landscape Use: Grown for the smaller but tastier fruit which is hardier, more consistent than most of the cultivar varieties. Excellent, low-growing, thorny understory for public plantings. Good slope stabilization or back lane plantings. Full sun to partial shade. Special Conditions: Spreads to fill as much space as is given, so use with caution.
  • Landscape Use: Mix with dogwoods, which are of similar size and form, for exceptional winter appeal; remember, winter doesn’t have to be dreary. You can look forward to harvesting your own pussy willows in spring. Native pollinators (bees) feed on the early flowers. Likes full sun. Extremely drought tolerant for Calgary and area gardens. Special Conditions: Needs to be planted where you can see it and enjoy it all winter long.
  • Landscape Use: Use as an accent grass like plant. Evergreen look gives a true four season aspect to this plant. Sharp leaves discourage cats. Appears to be rabbit-proof. Special Conditions: Hot dry and full sun is required for optimum health and vigor. If your plant blooms, it is happy. No flowers for several years may indicate too wet or shady of a site.